Proper tree pruning is vital for tree health and vitality. Always prune to the branch bark collar to ensure fast healing post pruning. When pruning is it important to use the 3-cut method.
The first cut is the undercut. This prevents the bark from ripping down the trunk when cutting the second cut.
The second cut takes the bulk of the branch weight away. If you did not do the first cut, the branch will likely rip from the weight, damaging the bark of the main trunk.
The third and final cut removed the remaining nub at the branch bark collar.
When working on pruning in trees there are a few terms you may need to know:
Cleaning- this involves the removal of dead or diseased branches from the tree canopy. Weak branch attachments can also be addressed.
Raising- the removal of lower branches to create clearance.
Reduction- reduces the overall size of the tree. This is specific pruning to secondary branches. This is not topping.
Topping – indiscriminate pruning of the top of the tree that leads to stress and poor branch attachments. Topping is never recommended.
Read more about pruning here: https://www.treesaregood.org/treeowner/pruningyourtrees
Curious about what the proper times for pruning are? Call you local extension office for answers.